Mikhail Sholokhov and the reenactment of revolutionary Russia in literature
If writer Lev Tolstoy was to recreate a great Tsarist Russia in his massive novel War and Peace, it can be said that the history of Russia before and in the early years of the young Soviet government was is fully and vividly expressed in And Quiet Flows the Don novel by writer Mikhail Sholokhov.
But besides the peaceful East River, revolutionary Russia, and the Russia of Sholokhov’s own are also reappeared throughout his writings, from the novels of the Ruined Land, They fought for the Fatherland to the stories. Short as And Quiet Flows the Don, Harvest on the Don, The fate of man …
It can be said that Sholokhov’s literature has continued to inherit and opened the source of Russian literature not only in the past but also to the present and forever.
Life of Mikhail Sholokhov
Mikhail Sholokhov was born in 1905 to a Cossack family in Kamenskaya in the Russian Empire. His father was a Cossack farmer, and his mother came from a Ukrainian peasant family that had once had a husband. Sholokhov attended high schools in Kargin, Moscow, Boguchar and Veshenskaya; in 1918 he joined the Red Army fighting in the Russian Civil War. Sholokhov was only 13 years old.
Sholokhov started composing at the age of 17. He produced his first work, the short story Cai reduced at 19 years old. In 1922 Sholokhov moved to Moscow with the hope of becoming a journalist. During his early days in the capital, he earned a living by doing manual jobs such as handler, mason, and accountant from 1922 to 1924 while still trying to take short-term classes. Young writers.
In 1924 Sholokhov returned to Veshenskaya and began to concentrate entirely on composition. That same year, he married Maria Petrovna Gromoslavskaia, who later had two sons and two daughters. Two years later, Sholokhov published his short story Tales of the East River (Donskie Rasskazy) about the lives of his hometown Cossacks during World War I and the Russian Civil War. Also in 1926, the writer began to write the first lines of the peaceful And Quiet Flows the Don epic novel. This series of novels about the life of the Cossacks has been written by him for nearly 14 years with 4 volumes. The work became one of the most popular novels of Soviet Literature and earned its author the 1965 Nobel Prize for Literature.
And Quiet Flows the Don – History of Russia during the civil war
This massive epic novel by Mikhail Sholokhov depicts a volatile 10-year history of Russia. Those 10 years stretched from before World War I, to the years of World War that swept people into a fire and smoke, to the time when Russia was engulfed in civil war, and finally, people through storms. History is still looking for “a life of relief.”
All these changes are like being condensed in stories happening on the banks of the East River, experiencing the life of a Cossack boy named Gregori Melekhov. Gregori fell in love with Aksinia, the neighbor’s wife. To prevent this wrong love, the family forces Gregori to marry Natalia. But then Gregori had fled with Aksinia to let Natalia stay with disgrace, ashamed of being abandoned by her new husband.
But the “And Quiet Flows the Don” is not a melodramatic novel about unruly love. That work is like crystallizing the whole life of a person, also a journey of a people. Gregori was born and raised during the Tsarist period, under harsh patriarchal feudalism with fierce family conflicts. He was taken to the army, participated in World War I, had to taste the harshness, the pain of war, the lies, and deception of his life. Not long before he entered the battlefield, Gregori herself was caught up in the whirlwind of disputes within Russia. His life is associated with two women, but in the end Gregori himself is still struggling in the endless loneliness of a soul filled with pain, broken fire and fire. One by one, he watched each of his loved ones leave, step onto the other side of his life, the remaining Gregori’s property was only his only son and the wounds of battle were deeply imbued in his subconscious mind.
The East River is gentle, nurturing the passionate zeal of Cossack’s human blood. The calm banks of the East River have quietly witnessed each historical upheaval. But hidden deep in that tranquility are always the swirling underground waves ready to sweep people deep into the harsh vortex. But in the end, the banks of the East River are still a symbol of the homeland, giving two hours of peace for a soul to carry many injuries as Gregori recalls, quietly looking back.
With a huge capacity in terms of capacity, long time, vast context, complex expanded character system … it can be said, the And Quiet Flows the Don is a novel epic not only showing the best. for the humanitarian realism of Solomon, but also typical characteristics of Socialist realism.
There, the author both reappeared the most ruthless truths of history, critiqued and denounced war, and created very typical individuals. diverse classes of people, Russian people before and after the October Revolution. At the same time, hidden under the letter of the peaceful East River is always the agonizing heart of Sodom about two human languages, of an immortal Russian spirit, despite suffering from bitterness, burying and standing firm step forward to the future.
As Gregori – who of the previous generation holding her child in her arms – symbolizes the latter coming home, opening “the whole vast world that is radiantly radiant under the cold sun.”