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What do you know about sleep disorder?

Sleep disoders

Sleep disorder is one of the nerve disorders that causes discomfort and has many serious consequences for the health and spirit of the patient. Treatment of sleep disorders takes a lot of time, the disease is easy to recur, so it is necessary to have a specific and clear treatment course.

What is sleep disorder?

In modern life, there are many stresses and fatigue that can make people worry, anxious, difficult to sleep, sleep poorly, sleep not deeply … but that has not been called insomnia or sleep disturbance sleep. Insomnia is considered a medical condition if it occurs more than 3 times a week and lasts more than a month.

Sleep is a prolonged activity to help the body balance endogenous and exogenous factors, fluctuate the rhythm of day-night, and ensure the activity of the brain in a state of awakening.

On average, each person will sleep about 6-9 hours/night. Sleep coordinates with changes in respiration, cardiovascular, hormone, body temperature …, is a normal physiological process of the body.

There are many causes of sleep disturbances, divided into 2 main causes, including:

Secondary cause: sleep disturbance as a result of another disease such as depression, heart disease, kidney disease …
Primary cause: Unexplained sleep disturbance
However, sleep disturbances are not always considered pathological. There are also many cases of insomnia which is a normal manifestation in a certain period of human life such as: perimenopause in women, menopause …

Symptoms of sleep disturbance

People with sleep disorders may lose sleep or get a lot of sleep, affecting social activities and work.

People with insomnia often have difficulty falling asleep, easily wake up in the middle, lose sleep in the middle, wake up early. Primary insomnia can persist for at least a month and lasts for up to 1 year on average, and there are cases where primary insomnia persists for decades.

People with primary insomnia are often awake at night, but always feel tired, depressed, and somber during the day. Not getting enough prolonged sleep leads to impaired health, mental decline, reduced ability to work, study, even behavioral disorders, hallucinations, and delusions.

People who sleep a lot can sleep 8-12 hours/night, it is difficult to wake up in the morning. This situation goes on for at least 1 month. Patients always feel sleepy, not alert, difficult to concentrate, and forgetful.

Primary insomnia is common in the elderly, especially women. Young people often lose sleep at the end of sleep and in between sleep. Elderly people often lose sleep early.

Causes of sleep disturbances

Many studies on sleep disorders have shown that modern life makes people sleep less and less. Psychological stress, stress, and fatigue produce a multitude of free radicals. Free radicals attack the artery walls of the brain, leading to serious damage, the formation of atherosclerotic plaques and blood clots cause narrowing of the arteries, impeding blood circulation, oxygen transport and nutrients. Essential substances on the brain. Brain cells do not get enough nutrients to function, long-term affecting the structure of the nervous system leading to sleep disorders.

Not only that, the free radicals also affect directly brain cells. Brain cells are both attacked by free radicals and inadequately supplied with nutrients and oxygen, leading to brain dysfunction. The brain regions that govern sleep are affected, unable to coordinate properly, the nerve conduits are interrupted, causing sleep to be disrupted, difficulty falling asleep, not falling asleep deeply, dozing off. ..

Prolonged sleep disorders can affect the brain backward, causing nerve cell damage and degeneration of the brain. People with long-term sleep disorders can lose up to more than 20% of brain volume, leading to memory impairment, forgetfulness, language disorders, movement disorders, and susceptibility to depression …

Just like that, the medical condition became worse and more persistent. If not treated in time can lead to chronic sleep disturbances.

Sleep disorders also increase the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, heart failure, arrhythmia, brain stroke, sudden death…

Sleep disorder treatments

The best way to treat chronic insomnia is to find the cause of this insomnia. There are several remedies for chronic insomnia including:

  1. Sleep hygiene are recommended environmental behaviors and practices that aim to promote better quality sleep. This is an indispensable method to help patients improve their sleep disorders. Poor sleep hygiene can lead to primary sleep disturbances. Sleep hygiene methods are as follows: Wake up at the same time every day; limit the amount of time you spend in bed before bed; do not use central nervous stimulants (coffee, tobacco, alcohol); have intense early morning exercise; stay away from irritating events, replace them with listening to the radio, watching television or reading books; massage or soak in warm water for about 20 minutes before going to bed; eat at a certain time of day. Don’t eat a lot before going to bed; do mind and muscle relaxation exercises every evening; Try to get comfortable sleeping conditions.
    Psychotherapy: This approach is very important in the treatment of chronic insomnia.
  2. Simple relaxation such as meditation, qigong practice, yoga, nourishing practice, … are all effective for treating insomnia.
  3. Eat some nutritious foods that treat insomnia such as chamomile tea, oatmeal or chicken for dinner, a cup of warm honey before bed …. help overcome chronic insomnia.
  4. Treatment with Western medicine: Use of psychotropic drugs to support chronic insomnia. This is the optimal method for treating both primary and secondary sleep disorders. However, cause-based treatment must be indicated and directed by a doctor. For each different cause, the specific treatment with Western medicine is also different depending on that cause. Moreover, the treatment with Western medicine can bring undesirable effects, so it must be supervised by specialist doctors.
  5. Treatment with Oriental medicine often uses herbs for active blood, circulation, brain nourishment, and blood tonic to help patients gradually overcome symptoms of insomnia. However, treatment is supportive, difficult to treat etiological diseases or psychological disorders

If you have taken the common measures above and still find it difficult to sleep, supplements or sleeping pills are sometimes necessary. If insomnia due to mental illness, depression, anxiety, cyclical sleep rhythm disturbances … should see a doctor to diagnose and advise appropriate treatment.

Conversely, if you have recently had insomnia recently and the frequency is not much, you can refer to this book below to better understand it and the deeper source of insomnia!

Behavioral Treatments For Sleep Disorders: A Comprehensive Primer Of Behavioral Sleep Medicine Interventions 1st Edition By Michael L. Perlis, Mark Aloia, Brett Kuhn

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